Tag Archives: natural history


This gallery contains 9 photos.

The blooming season has passed for almost all the wildflowers. The spectacular flowers are gone. Often in their place are winter remnants with their own unique beauty – unpretentious and simple. Although more difficult to identify in the winter, the … Continue reading

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Clouded Sulfur

Several butterflies were flying about the Cove Fire site (Modoc National Forest Road 40N11 near Adin CA) when Leonard and I visited it on 09-24-2017, about seven weeks after the fire was controlled. (see “Resilience” on 08-28-17) I was surprised … Continue reading

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Mountain Hemlock

This gallery contains 8 photos.

In most of its range mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) defines the upper portion of subalpine forests. Its elevation is variable and depends on latitude with the trees in Alaska ranging from sea level to 3,500 feet, while in the Southern … Continue reading

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Reaction to Stress

This gallery contains 4 photos.

Seven weeks (09-24-17) after the Cove Fire destroyed over 30,800 acres in Modoc County CA, Leonard and I were surprised to find fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium) and spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium) blooming amid the ashes. At three weeks post fire (08-24-17 … Continue reading

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This gallery contains 4 photos.

The Cove Fire burned nearly 31,000 acres not far from our house. This lightning-caused wildfire was finally contained on 8-16-17. Leonard and I are returning to an area on Modoc National Forest Road 40N11 each month to document the forest’s … Continue reading

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Rock Wren

Rock wren (Salpinctes obsoletus) is an appropriate common name for this inhabitant of rocky and pebbly habitats in Western North America and Central America. Found in open, arid areas from low elevations to alpine regions, rock wrens are permanent in … Continue reading

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Northwestern Fence Lizard

For years, six subspecies of western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis)  were recognized, mostly separated geographically. Currently, western fence lizards are being extensively studied. As a result of new DNA work it is expected that the taxonomy of S. occidentalis will … Continue reading

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