Woodland Phlox

This gallery contains 6 photos.

Found in Oregon and the Coast Range of Northern California, woodland phlox (Phlox adsurgens) inhabits open, wooded areas and mixed conifer forests between 1,500 and 6,000 feet. Arising from a slender, underground rootstock, this native perennial has a decumbent, creeping … Continue reading

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Limber Pine

This gallery contains 9 photos.

Limber pines (Pinus flexilis) are timberline trees growing in desert ranges and mountain slopes at elevations as low as 4,000 feet in northern habitats, however, in more southerly climes they only occur much higher. This short, compact pine can be … Continue reading

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Single-spored Map Lichen

This gallery contains 2 photos.

I am way in above my head here and will gladly encourage corrections or suggestions concerning my identification. Traveling through Nevada (at Grimes Point Archeological Site) and at the Great Basin National Park, Leonard and I saw bright blue lichen … Continue reading

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Dwarf Juniper

This gallery contains 6 photos.

Juniperus communis can be an erect tree, a waist-high shrub or a prostrate shrub in form. Depending on the growth pattern, some taxonomists separate this species into subspecies. Others simply classify all the forms as J communis, as I will … Continue reading

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Utah Juniper

This gallery contains 6 photos.

Utah junipers (Juniperus osteosperma) are short, single-stemmed (usually), erect trees with large, rough branches and a full, rounded crown. They are found in montane coniferous woodlands and forests throughout the Great Basin. Their habitat is dry, rocky, shallow soils between … Continue reading

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Gooseneck Barnacle

Gooseneck Barnacles

There are two types of barnacles. The first are those with their shells cemented directly to the substrate, such as the acorn barnacle I described in yesterday’s post (“Acorn Barnacle” on 12-07-2019). The second has a stalk between the substrate and the shell. Gooseneck barnacles (Pollicipes polymerus) are an example of stalked barnacles. Both types were growing in the tidepools at Endert’s Beach south of Crescent City CA (Del Norte County).

Like acorn barnacles, gooseneck barnacles are cemented to rocky and solid surfaces or into crevices of the intertidal zone along the Northeastern Pacific from Alaska to Baja. The attachment is via their antennae. Unlike acorn barnacles, gooseneck barnacles have a strong, rubbery stalk (the peduncle) between the point of attachment and the remainder of their body parts and shell (called the capitulum). The capitulum has five main calciferous plates or valves. Further centers of calcification on the capitulum produce additional small scales. The stalk retracts when the barnacle is touched or disturbed providing protection from predators.

Filter feeders, gooseneck barnacles grow outward and extend their cirri in a fan oriented perpendicular to the backwash of waves. Since gooseneck barnacles depend on water movement, not the movement of their cirri, for feeding, this orientation assists in food capture.

Also growing in crowded colonies, gooseneck barnacle reproduction is similar to that of acorn barnacles.

There are many myths to explain the common name. One is that Medieval naturalists, before they understood bird migration and realized that some birds nest elsewhere, thought stalked barnacles resembled goose eggs. They believed that goslings formed in the “goose egg”. When ready to hatch, the barnacle fell into the ocean and the fully formed goslings arose from the sea. The barnacle goose that nests in Arctic regions from Greenland to Siberia was one of the birds thought to form in barnacle “goose eggs”, hence the common name. Another myth states that the curved stalk looks like a goose’s neck and the capitulum resembles the goose’s head. So, early naturalists had vivid imaginations.

This crustacean is considered an edible delicacy. When cooked, the capitulum is held, the stalk sheath removed and then the stalk is dipped in butter and eaten. The stalks are also made into chowders and soups or incorporated into other dishes. Supposedly gooseneck barnacles taste like lobster or crab. I would like to try them some day.




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Acorn Barnacle

This gallery contains 2 photos.

Acorn barnacles (Balanus glandula) are crustaceans, related to shrimp, crabs, snails and lobsters. Their habitat is the intertidal zone, the area between the high and low tides. A sessile animal, once attached to rocks along the shore, wharfs, pilings or … Continue reading

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