Candlesnuff fungus (Xylaria hypoxylon) is identified by its fruiting body that is black below and dusted with white powder (asexual spores) above. When young, this fungus is erect and cylindrical or club shaped, while older specimens become antlerlike (branched at the tip). As it ages, candlesnuff fungus eventually becomes entirely black. Candlesnuff fungus is common and inhabits rotting logs, stumps and other dead wood. These young specimens were photographed along Burney Creek above Burney Falls (Shasta County CA).